20150730

Why top-down approaches of innovation in Korea never fail to fail

This map shows what's wrong with innovation in Korea: each "Center for Innovation and Creative Economy" is led by one chaebol, but the startup ecosystem demands actual clusters* and truly open approaches.


Korea innovation centers* too chaebol-centric. Startup ecosystem needs real clusters
* koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=3007182 (KJD 20150729)
The contradiction is obvious, but the Korea JoongAng Daily article this map came from ("Outside Seoul, new centers have a sleepy feeling" - 20150729) doesn't even mention it as a reason why these centers fail, like all attempts from previous administrations.

Again (see my essay on "Heralding cultural diversity - a stronger and more sustainable Korean wave" - particularly part III, on the business dimension), the chaebol seldom act as true cultural leaders, and that's a drag for the nation.

Yet change is coming to Korea. In spite of the inability of most chaebol to truly adapt, and of governments to push for true reforms. And if these changes are not necessarily positive, they make Korea Inc.'s posture even less sustainable.

As expected (see "The Bigger, The Bitter"), the money recently poured over the nation by Google and many major international V.C.s to put a lock on the most promising startups is at the same time fueling the local and global bubbles, and weakening the chaebol sphere of influence. Now being the only new kid on the block isn't enough, and the time Yellomobile could purchase dozens of startups for a song has ended.

One of the most positive side effect could be the evolution of mindsets towards enterpreneurship and startups. The fear of failure, a major impediment to innovation in Korea (see "Too proud to fail? Not so simple."), is on the vane. 

And that's not just blind belief in the latest tech bubbles: more among the nation's brightest students prefer to give it a try rather than join Samsung and Co. even if they know chances are not on their side. They welcome failure as a positive experience, and they know that it's better to start with it, that they will learn more during these 'wasted' months or years than by following the mainstream lemming race.

Now Korea also needs a couple of greatly successful failure stories, and a fairer balance between the conservative and the disruptive.

I'm feeling certainly more optimistic than a couple of years ago, and I've met more than a few young brilliant minds trying promising things. They know they can't expect much from the big fishes or from the government, but it wouldn't hurt if said big fishes and said government actually decided to prove them wrong.

(intitially published on SeoulVillage.com as "Non-Centers = No Innovation, No Creative Economy"

mot-bile  2015
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* and it's not just about bringing everybody on the same place either (see "Redrawing Korean Maps - Innovation Clusters")





20150611

carbon3d's CLIP: the MTV of 3D printing? a bouncing and dripping Sagrada Familia?

These videos may make you reconsider 3d printing.

If you've already handled 3d-printed objects, you know how easily they can break, even if you don't let them fall. Yes you can give them an illusion of flexibility through structural gimmicks, but this elastomer is truly something different:



Remember the drilling sound of ye olde inkjet printers, remember the relief the first time you used laser printing? That sleek, seamless, silent efficiency? I felt a bit the same watching this CLIP (yeah, timelapses do help, but it took only 7 mn to 'print' that Eiffel Tower):

 

These dripping structures reminded me of Antoni Gaudi's inverted force models for his Sagrada Familia: instead of piling up layers of bricks, forms seem to emerge naturally...


Gaudi's force models
... except they don't emerge from thin air, but from liquid, the L in carbon3d's CLIP technology (Continuous Liquid Interface Production).

If carbon3d say that they do true 3D printing, while 'traditional' technologies multiply 2D layers, it looks as if they bend 2D, pull it up like on Sketchup. And forget about those limited cubic printers...

This is how it actually works:



Again, carbon3d video killed the 3D printer stars. And again, remember: that fascination watching, back in 1991, Robert Patrick rise up from the tiled floor in Terminator 2? You new reality was different, but sci-fi movies suddenly got much cooler:




Anyway, congratulations to Joseph DeSimone and his teams. carbon3d's CEO "is one of less than twenty individuals who have been elected to all three branches of the National Academies: Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering". Maybe the 3d in his brand stand for 3 deans.

You can watch his TED talk of last March:




mot-bile 2015




20150604

Korea's fourth license reload

According to The Korea Herald (May 29), the Korean government is considering reviving the project of a fourth MNO license as part of a plan to stimulate the market.

Is there a need for another 4G network? Korea is well covered with LTE to LTE-A, beefed-up locally through pervasive femtocells and WiFi. And the three incumbents don't want to sit on their laurels: Korea Telecom promised 5G trials for the 2018 Pyeongchang Olympics, and SK Telecom announced a partnership with Google on augmented reality ("T-AR for Project Tango").

Is there a need for more competition? It depends on the profile of the new player, and the impacts on a M-VNO ecosystem that, at long last, is biting into a pie still dominated by SK Telecom, Korea Telecom, and LG U+.

According to the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP), M-VNOs were claiming a 8.8% market share as of April 21 (up from 2.9% in June 2012), thanks to prices on average 57% cheaper than the MNOs.



But it's not as if you had one fourth player with a 8.8% market share, big enough to contest the leaders on more profitable segments. Today, Korea has 27 M-VNOs, most struggling to make their first profit, and likely to never see it. Significantly, their number of subscribers started to explode when they targeted more discount-seeking audiences (the youth, Chinese migrant workers...).

A perennial candidate for the 4th spot is actually a consortium of M-VNOs: KMI (Korea Mobile Internet) revived their candidacy in October 2013, and defending the existing M-VNO ecosystem could be a stronger argument today. In December 2011, the Korea Communications Commission not only rejected KMI's bid, but also that of IST (Internet Space Time lost the backing of Hyundai Group at a critical moment). Note that the KCC also canceled the auction for the WiBro spectrum. I explained a few months earlier ("A Kbiz MNO ? SMEs vs Korea Inc") how the attempt by the Korea Federation of Small and Medium Businesses (Kbiz) to enter the market looked more like a lobbying stunt to push WiBro.

A much bigger fish could also seek the fourth license, with more brand power. Typically, CJ Group is already a major player in telecom, IPTV, or multimedia contents. It has the money to invest on new networks (Daum Kakao or Naver would need serious backing), the customer bases to leverage, and the contents to fill the pipes..., but don't bet on price wars with fellow chaebol on the juiciest segments. 
 
A true new entrant from overseas? Global MNOs know how difficult it would be in a country where foreign majors are seldom allowed to take or maintain leading positions (see retail for example: Carrefour and Wal-Mart already gone, Tesco on the back seat). But joining a consortium, or creating one remains a rare opportunity for international platforms to push their solutions in an otherwise locked Korean market. And nowadays, the dominant platforms do not necessarily belong to telecom operators...

Anyway, expect more lobbying ahead of the government's guidelines, expected by the end of June.


mot-bile 2015

* "Consortium to bid for 4th mobile carrier in S. Korea" (Yonhap News - 2013/10/08)




20150310

Free launches Android TV on Freebox mini 4k

A pioneer in box combos, Free launched a new Freebox that runs on Android TV:





It includes 4k / UHD readiness, the Android TV Remote Control with voice search, and Google Cast interaction with your devices, which can monitor your TV.


Definitely a major boost for Google and Android in the smart TV arena. Free also revives its own maverick aura in a rather gloomy market. 

Not so good for the Free clients who happen to be Apple users, but iPhone fans can more often be found within Orange or SFR ranks.

mot-bile 2015




20150228

Google's Gtown wins over ZeeTown and the Large Apple Collider

As soon as Facebook revealed the plans of Zuckerbergville ("Zee Talk of Zee Town"), Google presented its future headquarters on its official blog*.

Big G will still reside in Mountain View, but in North Bayshore District. And double its capacity to 20,000 employees.

Waterway? Check. Highway? Check. But the rendering is much sexier and futuristic, and there's a nice video to support it (YouTube of course):






With its organic touch and absence of cars, Gtown looks more like a city of the future than Zeetown, probably because Google is much more into hardware innovation than Facebook. Furthermore, the architect is not a 85 year old legend (Zuck's Gehry) but two fun looking younger guns: Bjarke Ingels (Bjarke Ingels Group) and Thomas Heatherwick (Heatherwick Studio). Where Z looked for a brand, G went for sense and the essence. 

Granted, I'm unfairly comparing headquarters with employee quarters, and the constraints are not the same. But these projects speak volumes about differences in approaches and projected images.

Nothing as scary as the dystopian panopticon / large apple colliderish Apple Campus 2 announced two years ago. Now that's One Infinite Loop if I ever saw one:


Consistent with a hardware manufacturer used to proprietary systems...

mot-bile 2015

* see ""



20150227

Zee Talk of Zee Town

Welcome to Zuckerbergville, 200-acre of sentient brick-and-mortar right across the Menlo Park headquarters, a paradise where Facebook will be able to monitor every move of 10,000 employees: who's buying what where? who's sleeping with whom when? just like your good old Facebook, but In Real Life.

Looking for the Hatespeech Arena? Start from Hacker Way, follow Push Marketing Avenue, and at the Cookie Roundabout, take a right turn. Never leave the NSA lanes, and try to avoid the Snowden Cul-de-Sac.

Frank Gehry has been invited to run his software and to propose a curvier cityscape than this dull 2012 project:

The 2012, Pre-Gehry Zuckerbergville
Gehry's fee must be comfortable, but only a tiny drop in Zuckerberg's multibillion dollar Zanadu. The land itself didn't cost too much: $400M for the last 55-acres, that's only $1,800 per sqm. You're on the waterfront, but also on a highway. And your HQ are on the other side of the Bayfront Expressway. Maybe they'll dig a tunnel for the commuters, and soundwalls to make sure employees get some sleep. Some Privacy? Don't even think about it. Your contract stipulates that you let your Samsung Smart TV on night and day*.

Ironically, the main street in the area is called Constitution Drive. Maybe Zuckerberg, who likes to build "the Hacker Way"**, has also his own special definition of the word 'Constitution'. I wonder if We the People of Zee-Town will enjoy Net Neutrality. And if visitors will need to sign special terms of service when they enter the Zee-Zone.


mot-bile 2015

* the EPIC (Electronic Privacy Information Center) just filed a complaint with the FTC (Federal Trade Commission) over privacy concerns regarding private conversations.
** "As part of building a strong company, we work hard at making Facebook the best place for great people to have a big impact on the world and learn from other great people. We have cultivated a unique culture and management approach that we call the Hacker Way. The word “hacker” has an unfairly negative connotation from being portrayed in the media as people who break into computers. In reality, hacking just means building something quickly or testing the boundaries of what can be done. Like most things, it can be used for good or bad, but the vast majority of hackers I’ve met tend to be idealistic people who want to have a positive impact on the world. The Hacker Way is an approach to building that involves continuous improvement and iteration. Hackers believe that something can always be better, and that nothing is ever complete. They just have to go fix it — often in the face of people who say it’s impossible or are content with the status quo."



20150209

I'm with stupid


A couple of days ago, it took several humans to rescue a Korean lady who had been savagely assaulted by her robot vacuum cleaner. 




Some may consider this incident to be the first post-singularity crime, because the machine was obviously gifted with an intelligence superior to that of its owner (yes, robot cleaners are great and long hair is great, but even if ondol is great, you simply don’t sleep with the latter on the path of the former).



Still, singularity is not for today. And if we’re not there yet, that’s also because stupidity is precisely what makes humans superior to machines. But we’ll have to get smarter. Not in order to win the evolution race against a more competitive opponent, but in order not to lose ourselves.




In this transitional period, humans keep ruling because they’re stupid


Making mistakes is essential in any learning process, and humans will remain superior to machines as long as machines can’t cope alone with major disruptions, spot and fix issues without rules and decisions based on human expertise or judgment. I don’t mean bugs, basic problems, or even simple loopholes, but issues that truly require cognitive leaps to identify and brand new approaches to solve.

One of the beauties of computing is that you can easily track back decisions, implement and improve rules. But for the moment, most learning systems keep exposing our own flows, because they are not truly self-learning, and ultimately rely on human expertise. I once fell for their devilish attractiveness: our information systems needed a scoring solution, and here was this new, agile, future-proof, and ego-flatteringly smart concept waiting to be toyed with. But we quickly understood that humans were the weaker link, that at that early technological stage, making sure the gizmo remained relevant would demand rules that no organization would ever be able to implement on a sustainable basis. Because our dream of simplified decision making processes promised to be the mother of all Rube Goldberg machines, we opted for an off-the-shelf solution that did the trick for a fraction of the cost. Yes neural networks will unlock new realms for innovation, but back then we simply couldn’t rely only on them to run our whole business. From a risk management perspective, that’s a no brainer.

Of course, we remain stupid animals, and financial organizations keep using algorithmic trading to bang their heads against the Wall with greater force and speed every day…

Still, we cannot afford to continue developing at the same time Artificial Intelligence in machines and Real Stupidity in ourselves.

‘Machines smarter than humans’ must not mean ‘machines out of human reach’


In singularity times, machines will be able to take more complex decisions, to better learn from indirect experiences, to invent radically disruptive rules and programs, to be more proactive. What will be the role of humans in these processes? More often pupils than teachers? More often followers than leaders? More often puppets than puppeteers? On which side of the food chain? Will humans become mere servers, accepting requests from machine-clients that only need them to perfect their own capacity to deal with imperfection? Will we become the only true ‘terminals’ in a pervasively connected world or, at the other extreme, become things among other things in the almighty yet hackable internet of things? In any case, you don’t want Web 3.0 to be controlled by a happy few. It is essential to guarantee transparency, democracy, trust.

More than ever, humans will have to learn how to think by themselves, without machines. We must learn to understand and to challenge our technological environments, we must learn to communicate with each other, not only through machines.

Yet of course, we must also learn to communicate with machines, to get inside their brains as much as they’ll get inside ours. Programming must not be a foreign language mastered by a minority, machines must not become black boxes. Because computers will be first modeled after our brains, then improved from there, we will need increasingly simple interfaces to cope with increasingly complex systems.

We will spend more time with machines, including maybe more time serving them. Information Services are already used to rationalize human resources by projects, to calculate man-hour units that are often measuring time devoted to a human-machine dialog. And today, we’re already measuring the time individuals spend on average in front of a screen (TV, smartphone, laptop…), without distinguishing active and passive periods. Tomorrow, we might need to track the time spent on active contributions, or to count inputs that may also become sources of income. And that’s without counting the invisible contributions we’ll all make as we move in always-on environments that evolve by learning from our very behaviors.

Our role won’t be just to help machines get smarter, but to constantly challenge decisions taken / rules fixed by supposedly superior intelligences, evaluating how far is too far, proposing simple ways of activating / deactivating key functionalities. The value will be less in designing or debugging algorithms, than in questioning their very purpose. We will enjoy a lot of fancy autopilot systems, but should remain the captain on board.

In fuzzy and disruptive environments: keep updated, but stay true


We know singularity is coming, we suspect it’s going to be big and pervasive, but we can’t be sure we’ll be ready on time as individuals and as corporations.

Don’t panic: humans have always been laggards scared by the unknown, trying to figure out how their environments worked, including the ones they built themselves (particularly the ones they built themselves). The only thing is that, at a certain stage called singularity, this man-made environment may understand us better than ourselves.

Now you can panic.

But don’t start running like headless chickens, and cool down a bit. You only need to develop the minimal level of paranoia and schizophrenia required for good strategic intelligence: ‘paranoia’ because playing with worst case scenarios years ahead is more fun than cleaning the mess after the disruptions actually hit the fan, and ‘schizophrenia’ because you understand much more clearly your environment when you alternate different points of views.

Of course, it helps to follow up what’s going on in innovation, to see how leaders try to remain at the top of the game. Look how Google beefs up its core assets – the deepest and fastest reach in requests -, in which fields Larry Page & Co. venture to cover key entry points (Google X, Calico, Singularity University…). Beyond the usual suspects and highly innovative sectors, combine key enablers with key players in key fields, and beyond in political or social domains, and let your imagination roll. Then consider from different viewpoints your own environment, your own companies, your own jobs… and see how it could play out.

The way stakeholders interact in a community will necessarily evolve. For instance, to remain in business fields, doesn’t the old employer-employee or provider-consumer pairs already sound obsolete? Who’s hiring whom? Who’s providing a service to whom? Look how individuals, groups, brands, services, or corporations evolve in the LinkedIn marketplace. Look how journalism evolved; the time spent crowdsourcing upstream and broadcasting downstream, with sometimes the same provider/consumer at the other end…

Companies themselves are becoming more agile networks, and depending on the field, some already function around a very limited core, or to the contrary through a pervasive, collaborative ‘human fog’.

The internet revolution not only permeated societies, but paved the way for singularity and the pedagogy of key concepts related to it. It also trained us for the changes to come.

Remember when the internet became a mainstream technology, during the mid-nineties: most businesses considered it as an external phenomenon, more ‘a new business’ than ‘a new way of doing business’. They didn’t pay attention to the potential impacts on their own activity before perceiving them, in which case it was often too late. Even in the major telecom group I worked for, most people, at the beginning, treated the internet like a new line of products rather than like a revolution in services. A lot of pedagogy was needed to change mindsets, and one easy way was to project decision makers into an environment where all other players would have evolved. Not just our competitors, but key players in fields that a priori didn’t seem connected to our own, some of which were bound to become coopetitors.

Guessing how players would evolve required understanding and challenging their environments, and fundamentally answering the question ‘what is their ‘métier’?’ I used this old fashioned word because it reaches deeper than ‘occupation’, ‘trade’, ‘craft’, ‘calling’, ‘work’, ‘profession’, or ‘job’. It defines you more by what you are than by what you do. For instance, companies providing apparently exactly the same service and present at the same levels of the value chain could have different core métiers: this one would be fundamentally more a designer, that one more an editor. As proprietary value chains became open value galaxies, players chose different paths to focus on core dimensions, outsource or abandon others, venture into new territories, build innovative partnerships. In these utterly uncertain times, you could tell who was true to themselves, who truly understood their métier enough to see if not precisely how, at least in which ways they would have to evolve.

In shifting environments, identity demands clear values. It’s not what you do, but what you are, and what you won’t do. And in singularity times more than ever, transparency will be key to trust in a relationship.

*

Is the question ‘will technology create or destroy jobs?’* or ‘how far will technology redefine employment, organizations, ourselves, our relations with others, with our environment…?’ And ultimately, ‘how must we anticipate as individuals and societies to cope in sustainable ways?”

Anticipating singularity is a chance for us to reaffirm our humanity.

And to push stupidity to new levels.


* see my answers to the Singularity 99 questionnaire


mot-bile 2015




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